CAIP-2: Blockchain ID Specification Source

Author Simon Warta, ligi, Pedro Gomes, Antoine Herzog
Status Final
Type Standard
Created 2019-12-05
Updated 2021-08-25

Simple Summary

CAIP-2 defines a way to identify a blockchain (e.g. Ethereum Mainnet, Görli, Bitcoin, Cosmos Hub) in a human-readable, developer-friendly and transaction-friendly way.


Often you need to reference a blockchain, for example when you want to state where some asset or smart contract is located. In Ethereum the EIP155 chain ID is used most of the time. But with an Ethereum chain ID you cannot reference e.g. a Bitcoin or Cosmos chain.


The final trigger to create this CAIP (and the CAIP process itself) was a discussion around [EIP2256] at Ethereum-Magicians. Independently, the Universal Chain Registry was created that needs properly specified chain identifiers at its core. A discussion about the network ID format brought this group together with ChainAgnostic.


The blockchain ID (short “chain ID”) is a string designed to uniquely identify blockchains in a developer-friendly fashion.


The chain_id is a case-sensitive string in the form

chain_id:    namespace + ":" + reference
namespace:   [-a-z0-9]{3,8}
reference:   [-a-zA-Z0-9]{1,32}


Each namespace covers a class of similar blockchains. Usually it describes an ecosystem or standard, such as e.g. cosmos or eip155. One namespace should refer to one resolution method to resolve the chain’s reference. A reference is a way to identify a blockchain within a given namespace. The semantics as well as the more granular syntax which are delegated to each namespace specification shall be defined in separate CAIPs describing resolution methods.


The goals of the general chain ID format is:

  • Uniqueness within the entire blockchain ecosystem
  • To some degree human-readable and helps for basic debugging
  • Restricted in a way that it can be stored on chain
  • Character set basic enough to display in hardware wallets as part of a transaction content

The following secondary goals can easily be achieved:

  • Can be used unescaped in URL paths
  • Can be used as filename in a case-sensitive UNIX file system (Linux/git).

These secondary goals have been given up along the way:

  • Can be used as filename in a case-insensitive UNIX file system (macOS).
  • Can be used as filename in a Windows file system.

Test Cases

This is a list of manually composed examples

# Ethereum mainnet

# Bitcoin mainnet (see

# Litecoin

# Feathercoin (Litecoin fork)

# Cosmos Hub (Tendermint + Cosmos SDK)

# Binance chain (Tendermint + Cosmos SDK; see

# IOV Mainnet (Tendermint + weave)

# Lisk Mainnet (LIP-0009; see

# Dummy max length (8+1+32 = 41 chars/bytes)

Copyright and related rights waived via CC0.


Please cite this document as:

Simon Warta, ligi, Pedro Gomes, Antoine Herzog, "CAIP-2: Blockchain ID Specification," Chain Agnostic Improvement Proposals, no. 2, December 2019. [Online serial]. Available: